Traditional Educational Institutions In Child Education In Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone is limited on the north-west, north and north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and on south-west by the Atlantic Sea. It has an area of 27,925 square miles. The state of Sierra Leone began in the deal and cession in 1787 by local bosses to English pioneers of a real estate parcel expected as a permanent place to stay for African pilgrims who were whithered strays in London and later it was utilized as a settlement for liberated African slaves. The hinterland was proclaimed an English Protectorate on 21st August, 1896. Sierra Leone achieved freedom on 27th April, 1961 and turned into a Republic in 1971. Training is given by both private and state-supported schools. The ongoing arrangement of instruction is 6-3-4-4 (that is six years Elementary school, three years Junior Optional School, four years Senior Auxiliary School and four years tertiary/advanced education. This framework is supplemented by non-formal instruction.

Idea OF Schooling

Schooling is every now and again utilized in the feeling of guidance in the homeroom, lab, studio or homegrown science room and comprises basically in the conferring by the educator, and the obtaining by understudies, of data and mental as well as manual abilities. A more extensive importance than guidance is that of tutoring. In other words generally that happens inside the school as a component of the understudy’s life there. It incorporates, in addition to other things, connection among students and educators, understudies and students both in and outside the school. J. S. Factory (1931) believed that whatever assists with molding the person; to make the singular what he is or impede him from being what he isn’t is important for his schooling. Verifiably schooling is long lasting and omnipresent; it is the whole of all impacts which go to make an individual what he is, from birth to death. It incorporates the home, our neighbors, and the road among others.

Schooling is somewhat an intentional arranged process conceived and directed by the instructor fully intent on saturating the student with specific data, abilities, of psyche and body as well as methods of conduct considered alluring. To some extent it is the student’s own reaction to the climate where he resides. Schooling has three central focuses: the individual/individual upon whom the teacher’s persuasions are brought to bear; the general public or local area to which he has a place; and the entire setting of reality inside which the individual and society have their impact. Man is a social animal; he develops as an individual through the effect of character on character; and in any event, for his essential actual requirements he relies upon the assistance and collaboration of his kindred people. Without society and the common help and enhancement of encounters which it gives progress is unimaginable and the existence of man, in the most natural sounding way for Hobbes, is “singular, poor, frightful, brutish and short.”

One of the crucial realities of human life is the pressure between the draw of the past and the forward encourage into the future, among steadiness and change, custom and advancement. For successful living,man needs a circle of safety, an area of laid out propensities and relationship which structures trustworthy connections. This is likewise valid for society. For its compelling working there should be a basic congruity of customs and viewpoint which jelly its way of life as a general public and shields it against the problematic impacts of progress. Change should be forever and not static yet this adjustment of turn should be constrained by the fundamental practices of society. It is custom which gives a country its personality and uniqueness as a general public. The preservation of custom accordingly is clearly essential.

It has been perceived from days of yore that the preservation of conventional schooling has an imperative part to play in the improvement of the youngster. The offspring of today are the grown-ups of tomorrow; they should be prepared in this manner, to acquire and propagate the convictions and methods of life unconventional to the specific culture to which they have a place. For each general public wants to save itself genuinely as well as local area deliberately sharing specific points, standards and examples of conduct. This kind of training isn’t really formal in schools through study hall guidance yet that affected by implication through the family and through the effect on the person of social impacts and customs which the kid can’t avoid. In Sierra Leone this social training included elaborate functions of commencement including accomplishments of perseverance in which young fellows and ladies should substantiate themselves deserving of the local area. A definitive objective was to create a person who told the truth, deferential, talented, helpful, and who could adjust to the social thing to take care of. As Aristotle once expressed “the constitution of a state will endure in the event that training is disregarded. The residents of a state ought to continuously be taught to suit the constitution of the state. The sort of character fitting to a constitution is the power which keeps on supporting it as it is likewise the state force which initially made it” (p. I).

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