Water is life. The human body comprises approximately 65% water, and we can only survive for a few days without any water intake. It’s not just humans who need access to clean water, but also the wildlife that resides in different ecosystems around the globe. Treated water has become an essential part of our lives today, and we don’t even realize how much we depend on it. Our homes, offices, hotels, hospitals; almost every building uses treated water today. Moreover, industries like agriculture and food production rely heavily on treated water to meet their needs. However, untreated or poorly-treated water can lead to some serious consequences including diseases such as cholera and typhoid fever from drinking contaminated drinking water or contracting parasites from swimming in a pond or stream with unsafe levels of bacteria. This article will explore the various types of water treatment products available on the market to select the best one for your specific needs.
What Is Water Treatment?
Water treatment removes contaminants from water to make it safe for human consumption. Water can be contaminated from several sources, including minerals dissolved in the water (e.g. iron or manganese), bacteria and viruses, natural organic matter, and dissolved gases. Industrial and agricultural pollutants also pose health risks. The desired endpoint of water treatment is not merely to make water safe but also to make it aesthetically pleasing. This includes removing undesirable odors and tastes and minimizing the number of microorganisms in the water. Water treatment aims to produce water that meets regulatory standards for health and aesthetics. There are many different types of water treatment processes. The most common include filtration, ultraviolet radiation (UV) disinfection, and ion exchange. Hybrid systems combine two or more of these treatments, such as filtration followed by UV disinfection. Each type of treatment has its advantages and disadvantages. Filters remove particulate matter (i.e. dirt, silt, and sand) and some microorganisms from water. UV disinfection kills microorganisms by activating the damaging effects of ultraviolet light. Ion exchange systems use chemicals to remove dissolved minerals from water. You can easily shop online for water treatment products.
A filter is a device that removes contaminants from water by either physically capturing the contaminants or changing their chemical properties, so another water treatment process removes them. The most common water filters are sand, activated carbon, membrane, and cartridge filters. Sand filters are gravity-fed filters that use sand as a medium for removing contaminants. The sand is first treated with a disinfectant to kill any microorganisms. This medium is then placed in a filter housing where water is allowed to pass through it.
Reverse Osmosis Systems
Reverse osmosis (RO) systems are used to remove a broad range of contaminants from water. The water is forced through a porous, semipermeable membrane under pressure. The membrane has a very small pore size that only allows water, and a few contaminants, to pass through it. The contaminants are retained in the membrane and are flushed out periodically by an automatic cleaning cycle. RO systems are often combined with other treatments, such as coagulation, to remove other contaminants from the water before it passes through the membrane. RO systems are used in many industrial applications, such as seawater desalination and wastewater treatment. They are also commonly used in households and commercial applications for drinking water.
Ultraviolet Sterilization Systems
UV sterilization systems use ultraviolet radiation (UV) to kill microorganisms in water. A UV lamp is placed inside a water storage tank with a flow-through system. The water passing through the tank is exposed to the intense UV radiation emitted by the lamp. UV radiation is like a nuclear explosion that causes chemical reactions in the water that destroy the DNA of microorganisms. UV is a very useful method of disinfecting water because it does not use harmful chemicals on humans and the environment. UV sterilization systems can be used in many applications, such as water storage tanks, wells, ponds, and swimming pools. Swimming pools are the most common application of UV sterilization. There are many different types of UV sterilization systems available on the market.
UV Disinfection Systems
Water storage tanks, lines, and other water-using systems can be disinfected with UV light. The UV lamp is placed inside a storage tank with a flow-through system. Water enters the storage tank and is immediately exposed to the UV radiation emitted by the lamp. UV radiation is like a nuclear explosion that causes chemical reactions in the water that destroys the DNA of microorganisms. UV is a very useful method of disinfecting water because it does not use harmful chemicals to humans and the environment. UV sterilization systems can be used in many applications such as water storage tanks, wells, ponds, and swimming pools. UV disinfection systems can be installed in water systems to kill microorganisms. The water is immediately exposed to the UV radiation emitted by a UV lamp inside the water system. UV radiation is like a nuclear explosion that causes chemical reactions in the water that destroys the DNA of microorganisms. UV is a very useful method of disinfecting water because it does not use harmful chemicals to humans and the environment.
Water is essential to human life. In order to make water safe and clean, it must go through the water treatment process. There are many types of water treatment processes, depending on what contaminants must be removed. Filters can remove large particulate matter, water softeners remove calcium and magnesium ions, and RO systems use UV radiation to kill microorganisms in the water. These are just some of the water treatment products available on the market.