Common Gynecological Procedures


An adult woman’s reproductive health is an important part of her overall health. When a gynecology issue arises, it needs to be treated promptly and effectively. Luckily, most conditions can be remedied with medication or lifestyle changes. However, some gynecological problems need the patients to go through a surgical procedure for further evaluation.

Whenever a General Surgeon in Islamabad mentions surgery, it’s a natural reaction for patients to feel unnerved and scared. The thought of surgery can be an unsettling one, but with modern medical technology many surgical procedures have become extremely simple and less time-consuming. Take a look at the brief overview of below mentioned common gynecological surgical procedures.

For those seeking more in-depth information on related health topics, it’s essential to consult trusted resources. For instance, you can click over here to explore a comprehensive guide on a specific procedure and its implications.

1.   Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is a procedure to remove the uterus. It is a very common type of surgery in women. Removal of the uterus means you can no longer have periods or become pregnant. Depending on the patient’s individual case, the ovaries, fallopian tubes,and cervix may also be removed in a hysteroscopy. This procedure may be recommended to treat uterine fibroids, uterine prolapse, endometriosis, chronic pelvic pain, or cancer of the uterus, ovaries or cervix.

2.   Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is the technique by which a small telescope is placed through a small incision to look into the abdominal cavity. It may be used to evaluate or treat infertility, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic adhesions or ovarian cysts. It is also used to perform advanced procedures like hysterectomy and myomectomy. Its benefits include a short hospital stay, small incisions and quicker recovery.

3.   Dilation and Curettage

In D&C, the opening of the uterus (cervix) is dilated (widened) and a sample of uterine lining is gently removed. It may be performed under general or spinal anaesthesia. It’s also done in case of miscarriage or abortion to clear the uterine lining. In D&C your obstetrician uses a small instrument or medication to dilate the cervix and then uses a surgical instrument called curette to remove uterine tissue.

4.   Tubal Ligation

It is a procedure designed to prevent pregnancy also known as “tube tying”. It’s a surgical procedure for female sterilization in which the fallopian tubes are permanently blocked, clipped or removed through an incision. This prevents the fertilization of eggs as the sperm is unable to reach them after the procedure. You will still have your periods and can be sexually active. The recovery period after tubal ligation is 1-3 weeks.

5.   Cesarean Section

It is the surgical delivery of a baby through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus. It may be recommended by the gynecologist due to a number of complications such as labor not progressing, size or position of baby, umbilical cord prolapse, fetal distress, congenital abnormalities in fetus, repeated cesareans, placenta issues, pelvic disposition and carrying multiple fetuses. C-section is performed under general or spinal anaesthesia. It takes about 4-6 weeks to recover after a c-section. During that time it is recommended to avoid bending and lifting anything heavier than the baby.

6.   Cervical Cerclage

Cervical cerclage is done as a treatment for cervical incompetence. It aims to prevent preterm birth by sewing the cervix during pregnancy, using strong sutures (stitches). It is usually done in the second trimester and sutures are removed before the mother goes into labor. It can be done with neuraxial or general anaesthesia.

7.   Ovarian Cystectomy

Ovarian cysts that do not resolve on their own may need to be surgically removed. Ovarian cystectomy removes a cyst from an ovary using a minimally invasive laparoscopic technique with only a few incisions in the lower abdomen.

8.   Myomectomy

This procedure is performed to remove the uterine fibroids while keeping the uterus intact. It may be done with a large open incision or laparoscopically through several small incisions.

9.   Endometrial Ablation

It is a minimally invasive procedure that removes the lining of the uterus and stops or reduces the menstrual flow. It is primarily recommended for the treatment of abnormal or dysfunctional uterine bleeding.

10.               Oophorectomy

An oophorectomy is a surgery performed by a General Surgeon in Lahore to remove the ovaries. The procedure is also known as ovary removal surgery. It can be done laparoscopically unless otherwise indicated. Usually patients are given general anesthesia for oophorectomy but in some cases, local anesthesia is also used. Benign tumors, cysts, ectopic pregnancy, endometriosis, ovarian cancer, PID and chronic pelvic pain are some of the reasons oophorectomy is recommended.

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