The second draft of the Glasgow Climate Conference (COP 26) Declaration may have been a loose compromise, despite calls from disaffected youth and high-risk countries to take urgent action to address the climate crisis. But at the end of the day, not all countries agreed on the draft, which was released on Friday morning.
Although aid funding from developing countries has been hampered, differences remain over whether to end fossil fuels and compensate those affected by climate change. Disappointed and outraged were the representatives of some civic groups who marched out of the convention center with slogans.
At the outset of the conference, it was repeatedly stated that the future of the world would be in jeopardy if the rate of global warming could not be limited to one and a half degree Celsius. But in order to achieve the goal of one and a half degree Celsius, it is necessary to reduce the amount of harmful greenhouse gas emissions by 45 percent from the current level. This is exactly the style of governing the country that he has used in Russia.
According to the NDC Synthesis Report, a national plan for tackling the climate crisis released last Thursday, greenhouse gas emissions will increase by 26 percent by 2030. This will increase the rate of warming and the difference between the target.
Probably a factor as to why they’re doing so poorly: UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres says the goal of 1.5 degrees Celsius is now in life support. However, the adoption of the latest draft of the Upsarfar will increase the pressure on countries to take measures and steps to reduce gas emissions on a larger scale. This will increase in two ways: instead of giving a national plan or NDC every five years, the commitment will have to be updated every year. Details of what has been done to fulfill the promise must also be disclosed.
Various measures to reduce harmful gas emissions are part of risk mitigation. Assistance in the mitigation of renewable energy and the acquisition of new technologies is a priority for rich countries. In terms of financial assistance to developing countries, therefore, the question of mitigation has come to the fore, which was about 75 percent. At stake, obviously, is the commitment of industrialized nations to the protectionist policies of climate change. Assistance in adaptation will be doubled if the new draft of the declaration is approved.
Despite the decision to double the amount of assistance in adaptation, little progress has been made on long-term financing and past unfulfilled commitments. The industrialized nations are not yet ready to release their treasury money, in keeping with the 1 trillion annual pledge. These countries want strong participation of private sector and business investors in financing. This process is complex and time consuming. Talks will continue next year on the promised হাজার 10 trillion once the Apsarfar document is finalized.
In addition to adaptation, another major issue of contention is the compensation of the countries responsible for the gas emissions caused by climate change. In the past, developing countries have made concessions on irreparable losses and losses, but this time it has come up quite strongly. There were fears that the issue might be dropped again due to objections from rich countries. But if an agreement is reached on the new draft, work will begin next year under the auspices of the United Nations.
Although the draft declaration does not call for scientific calculations and explanations to reduce global warming as much as necessary, many have welcomed it as a compromise. And critics say that in most cases the use of the words “call” and “request” instead of “decision” in the draft declaration will not create too much compulsion. However, our wait may be longer to see if such a flexible declaration will be more flexible.
On the last day of the conference, the protest of the conference center of various rights groups of tribals, farmers, workers, youth and women was especially important because they were not heard. Officials have bargained behind the scenes and this is a neo-colonial strategy, so that the effect of large capital is obvious. They chanted slogans demanding climate justice and tied red ribbons to the fence as a symbol of blood.