Most of us refer to Paint as merely some colour on the walls of our houses, but the truth is that it is more than that. It is a liquid chemical material that dries off to a solid-state. People not only use paint to decorate or make their house look good; but also, to protect it from external damage, to give the house an identity, and for sanitation.
The pigment in the paint is used to provide colour; resin in the paint is used to bind and hold the pigment particles together and to stick to the surface; solvent in the paint is a carrier that holds both pigments and resin; and additives in the paint are used to upscale other properties like the resistance of mould, easy drying, and ease in the brush stroke.
Based on its functionality, paint can be distinguished as Interior paint or Exterior paint. Interiors Paints are used for aesthetic and decorative purposes. They can be easily maintained and washed. It is also resistant to dampness to a certain extent.
Exterior paints will always be exposed to various types of weather conditions and radiations; so, protection against radiations and micro-organisms. These paints must be good enough to safeguard against the weather.
The main difference between these two types of paints is in the choice of resins that are used in the composition but the solvent and pigments are similar.
In Water-based paints, the surface dries up very quickly after painting; it has low Volatile Organic Compounds or Low toxicity. It has a stable color profile and cleans up well with water.
In Oil-based paints, the surface takes a long time to dry but it has an attractive, glossy finish. It is durable and has a hard coat. But to clean its droplets, we may need a thinner or turpentine.
Cement paints can sustain in different weather conditions; so, they can be considered as an exterior variety of paint. It can prevent water penetration and stays rigid against heat and radiation.
This paint is made of lime, Portland cement, pigments with optional water repellents and fungicides. It is applied on porous surfaces like rough plasters and concrete. It is generally applied on facades that are having exposed design intervention.
It is the cheapest quality of water-based paint present in the Market is. They use it for ‘whitewash’, a common term in India. It sustains for a period of 4 to 5 years unless it is peeled off intentionally, and this happens easily when the wall is wet.
Distemper paints are made of lime, chalk, water, and pigment for color; additionally, gluing agents may be added.
It is used at places that are hidden or are not directly accessed by the public.
The emulsion is a water-based paint that dries easily and gives a matte finish. It works against humidity and is cleaned by washing. Many VOCs are released from emulsions at room temperature.
Emulsion paints resist humidity due to their chemical composition. It consists of small polymeric particles that are pigments in the solvent through few binding agents.
Enamels are available as oil paint. These have a shiny coat of paint that can be used for metallic surfaces and doorframes. This is especially applied to surfaces where it is busy and a lot of people are present; as it is easy to clean. The added advantage is that it is moisture resistant.
Most enamel paints have alkyd resin-based formulations mixed with pigments and suitable plasticizers that act as a varnish to form paint composition. This is ideal for wooden and metal surfaces. Companies like Sugna TMT can help you with this.
These paints reflect a pearl-like smooth finish and give it lustrous look. It is expensive when compared to enamel paint. It can be used in rooms that are maintained for social gatherings and similar use.
Lustre paints are washable and can be applied to interiors of homes and commercial spaces. It emits odour for a long time even after the application and drying of the paint, so, it is not recommended for quick works.
These types of paints are used on walls to have a texture with unique feature value. These are applied with special tools like trowels, rollers, knives, brushes, and putty is used to create a 3D effect.
These texture paints have compositions that give a volumetric feel and a tactile feel. The basic application is a process with fine aggregate or sometimes putty with pigments that are painted on a plain surface.
Painting your home is not a difficult task, you just need the right materials to get started. We explored all the possibilities based on surfaces, where it is a need, etc. Now, it is your chance you make your home more beautiful.