computer hardware

Types of computer hardware


The Types of Computer Hardware require both hardware and software components to function. Depending on the requirements, any computer system may have several hardware components attached to it. The computer hardware includes both mechanical and electronic components. The computer system’s hardware includes the monitor, CPU, keyboard, mouse, printer, sound system, RAM, hard disc, and many other components. Hardware is used to receive input data from a user, store the data, display the output, and execute commands entered by the user.

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Various Types of Computer Hardware

The following are the various types of computer hardware:

1. RAM

RAM (Random Access Memory) is a type of computer hardware that is used to store and subsequently process information. RAM has a significantly quicker processing speed than a hard disc, but RAM is a volatile technology, which means that when a computer system is shut down, all information contained in RAM is wiped out, but a hard disc is non-volatile, which means it saves data permanently in it. The data can be simply stored in RAM and retrieved from RAM. When compared to a hard disc, the data retrieval process in RAM is far faster. RAM is classified into two types: SRAM (Static Random Access Memory) and DRAM (Dynamic random access memory).

2. Hard disk

Another sort of computer hardware is the hard drive, which is used to store data. The hard disc can either be preloaded in the CPU or used as an external device. The hard disc is a non-volatile component, which means that data is permanently kept on the hard disc and is not erased when the system is turned down. The hard disc has an electromagnet surface that is used to store large amounts of data and is quickly accessible. The hard drive has the ability to store trillions of bytes of data.

3. Monitor

In terms of computer hardware, the hardware is another device that is directly attached to the CPU and is used to show output, videos, and other images. The video card is used to display the video on the monitor. The monitor can be compared to a television set, although the resolution and visuals exhibited by the monitor are significantly higher quality than those displayed by the television set. A connection connects the desktop to a computer video card, which is installed in the motherboard of the computer system. For laptops and tablets, the monitor is pre-installed in the system, and no additional hardware is required.

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4. CPU

The CPU (Central processing unit) is the primary physical component of a computer system that interprets and executes most commands using other computer components such as software and hardware. The CPU is a crucial part of any PC, laptops, tablets, and notebooks. The CPU is sometimes known as the computer’s brain because all operations are performed solely by the CPU. The CPU is constructed from a computer chip that has billions of tiny transistors. All calculations are carried out within these transistors. Other hardware components such as a monitor, keyboard, mouse, printer, and sound system are linked to the CPU.

5. Mouse

It is a hand operator input device for pointing something on the screen. The mouse is either wired or wireless. If the mouse is wired, it is directly connected to the CPU. The mouse can scroll up and down the screen by using the laser o ball. Any movement of the mouse immediately instructs the computer to move the cursor on the screen.

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6. Keyboard

Another form of computer hardware is the keyboard, which is used to enter text and commands into the computer. Wireless or wired keyboards are available. The keyboard includes alphabets, numerals, special characters, and other input buttons for the computer. It is the input device that receives user input and processes commands.

7. Printer

The printer is a piece of hardware that is used to print something that has been displayed on a computer and then transfer that information to paper. Printers can be classified depending on their size, processing speed, and other characteristics.

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There are numerous sorts of hardware devices available on the market. The best performance is obtained by selecting the relevant hardware device with the suitable specifications. The size and specifications of hardware devices vary, and they should be chosen in accordance with the computer system’s compatibility. Each sort of hardware gadget has a distinct purpose. A comprehensive complement of hardware devices also constitutes a successful computer system.

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