Changing lifestyle of young generations and their busy schedules, with less concern towards aged people, could be resolved only by staying alone at home or relocate them to nursing homes. Development of caring robot has been introduced to reduce these issues related to caring and nursing elderly people, thereby improving the living quality of elderly patients.
Use of this technology has been increasing on a day to day life. Beside nursing robot, there are few more tasks perform such as moving material, can hand medicine to patients, mopping the floor, cut lawn grass, lift people into and out of chairs and beds, follow a recipe, fold towels through variable programmed motions.
A robot is a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator, similar to human being in size and height, that has the ability to feel, manipulate objects as well to navigate in human environments. Older generation prefers staying alone, that intends to increase the risk of a variety of ailments, such as cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and so on. To avoid this situation companion robot has been introduced, acts as a buddy that helps in relieving loneliness and improves forgetful elders to eat on time. Robots have the skill to keep retirees socially, emotionally and mentally engaged in some activities.
Government has taken initiative by investing a higher amount in the production of healthcare robot products. Japan, is suffering from a higher number of growing elderly population. In Europe, development of a care-o-bot robot that involves in performing household tasks that older people are unable to do, including washing clothes and preparing food. Asia Pacific, Europe, and North America are focusing on the development of robotics specializing in the healthcare sector.
The Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems has introduced a “millirobot” that can walk, crawl, jump, climb, roll, swim and carry loads like a micro robotic Mario. METI and MHLW recognize the importance of advancing the development of safety-conscious nursing care robots. The US government has released “National Robotics Initiative” in 2011 providing tens of millions of dollars every year to support fundamental research on robots in the fields of Artificial Intelligence and recognition. ASIMO is a humanoid robot designed to help all kind of people in need.
Introduction of elderly care robots will have the ability to take on medical diagnostics, as well as use facial recognition algorithms that can determine feelings in the upcoming years.