Japanese scientists have made a new discovery. Recently, in the first week of April, Japan’s spacecraft exploded a small crater into an asteroid. They have succeeded in creating the first-ever human-made hole. As per the country’s space agency, it could an evolutionary step which pinpoints the solar system’s expansion. Japan’s Hayabusa2 flew near Ryugu to analyse the outputs of the Small Carry-on Impactor (SCI) experiment. It has found a crater where the collision took place. The space agency also published a GIF which reveals the landscape before-and-after the impact. As a result of the crash, the ground changed greatly across an area approximately 20 meters wide. JAXA said it was amazed by the massive size of the artificial crater. In future, Hayabusa2 will look more closely and study the results.
The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency has posted pictures of the new crater site. Those pictures reveal a slight dimple in the rock that was absent before. We can say that the new crater on the asteroid is the product of Hayabusa2. Now JAXA aims to bring back the samples from Ryugu to Earth. For the moment, the spacecraft has successfully completed a particular part of the mission. The spaceship has had entirely planned asteroid activities since it stepped on the surface of Ryugu, in mid-2018. Until now, it has sent tiny probes to analyse the surface. The spacecraft also fired a bullet at Ryugu, to collect some samples of dust and remains.
The Hayabusa2 team intends to land second time on the asteroid to gather samples from the newly formed crater. Although, JAXA’s SCI project is the world’s first collision experiment to hit the surface of an asteroid. The space agency designed it to reveal the asteroid’s sub-surface. Scientists fired an explosive device at Ryugu from Hayabusa2, which formed a pit in the surface. Yuichi Tsuda, project manager of Hayabusa2 at JAXA, said they verified the crater revealed in the images is present 1,700 meters from the asteroid’s surface.