Measles epidemic continues to spread across the U.S. It has exceeded the highest number on record since the elimination of the disease in 2000. As of 2019, the U.S. Department of Health has confirmed 695 cases of the contagious disease. On Wednesday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that 2019 is the worst year in case of measles. It continues to surge nationwide and has affected 22 U.S. states. As per the CDC, epidemics in Washington and New York contributed this year’s rise. We must thank the anti-vaccine movement because of which the virus has come roaring back.
Before this, the highest number of measles cases reported since 2000 were 667 in 2014. The agency warned the longer these epidemics continue, the higher is the chance that measles will gain a stronghold in the U.S. CDC reveals that the contagious disease wiped out from the country in 2000. It means the virus was no longer continuously present across years. According to the CDC, travellers coming from foreign countries are liable for the ongoing outbreaks. People travelled to countries with large measles outbreak and carried the virus back to the anti-vaxxer communities. CDC says it has resulted in the spread of the highly contagious disease.
Alex Azar, Secretary of Health and Human Services, said the country could avoid the situation with a safe and powerful MMR vaccine that protects from measles. As measles is a highly transmissible disease, it infects 90% of unimmunized people who are vulnerable to the disease. Measles, well-known for its rash, can also result in other disorders like brain swelling or pneumonia. Sometimes, it can lead to death. In this case, the Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) vaccine can prevent and fight against measles infection. Thus, the agency recommends to get two doses of the vaccine and assures 97% effectiveness of the same. CDC says if everyone gets immunised, epidemics will not persist in spreading. But when a measles-affected person visits a non-vaccinated community, the outbreak can grow and spread.